As part of nation building, the Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN) Lands and Resources department works towards protecting, preserving and enhancing inherent, Aboriginal, Treaty and human rights. This is achieved by assisting NAN First Nations to declare their right to own, use, develop and control the lands, territories and resources which they have traditionally occupied and maintained - a distinctive spiritual relationship and responsibility to future generations. The department plays a role in advocating the position of “shall consult and cooperate in good faith in order to obtain free, prior and informed consent of First Nations prior to the approval of any project or agreement affecting their lands or territories and other resources” - particularly in connection with the development, utilization or exploitation of mineral, water or other resources. This includes the implementation of legislative or administrative measures that may affect NAN First Nations. The department also advocates for First Nations’ right to the conservation and protection of the environment and the right to determine and develop priorities and strategies for the development or use of their lands or territories.